Arachidonic acid is a polyunsaturated fatty acid present in the human cell membranes. It reacts with the molecule Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) and forms a nutritious compound which is responsible for cognitive and behavioral functions in the humans. Arachidonic acid is metabolized in the body through dietary intake, especially through a fatty acid-rich food, however, this ability is not developed in newborn babies. The arachidonic acid is highly concentrated in the skeletal muscles in the body. Newborn babies consume arachidonic acid through breast milk. To address this inadequacy in infants, especially amongst those infants who are deprived of breast milk, food manufacturers have extracted arachidonic acid from various sources and incorporated arachidonic acid in products such as infant formulae. Amongst adult arachidonic acid is consumed by athletes and body-builders. Arachidonic acid is used to relieve muscular pain that is felt after the first workout.
Demand for Specialty Infant Formulae Is Propelling the Growth for Arachidonic Acid Market
Due to the changing lifestyle and hectic time schedules, the mother-baby culture has changed drastically. New mothers are employing time for earning and hence, breastfeeding time for babies has reduced. Hence, the demand for arachidonic acid, which plays an important role in the development of the brain and visual cognitive processing in babies, has been incorporated in the infant formulae products and fed to babies. New parents are also on the lookout for specialty infant formulae products which ensures the required arachidonic acid supply in the babies. The rising demand for n-6 PUFAs in the commercial market has also led to the rise in the demand for arachidonic acid.
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Regulatory bodies have played an important role in the arachidonic acid market, as approval of the arachidonic acid has opened gateways for arachidonic acid manufacturers to tap into the market potential. For instance, in 2017, the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) approved the use of DHA and arachidonic acid in infant food which encouraged dairy ingredient manufacturer Danone S.A. to launch infant formulae products containing arachidonic acid in India. Manufacturers are aiming to expand across the globe by importing rather than establishing manufacturing facilities. Similar approval by the European Commission opened gateways for Cargill Inc. to expand in Europe. The consumption of arachidonic acid is approved only in infant formulae but is not approved in any other types of foods. Currently, manufacturers across the globe are rigorously focusing on building on bioengineering and expanding applications of arachidonic acid in the food industry by overcoming safety issues.
Arachidonic Acid Market Segmentation
The arachidonic acid market is segmented on the basis of form and source.
On the basis of product type, the arachidonic acid market is segmented into-
On the basis of source, the arachidonic acid market is segmented into-
On the basis of end use, the arachidonic acid market is segmented into-
- Infant Formulae
- Sports Supplements
The production and development of the arachidonic acid take place on a large scale by North America and also dominates the market in terms of consumption as well. However, the production facilities for the arachidonic acid are located at places like China, due to easy availability of raw material. North America also caters to the demand of the European arachidonic acid demand. Slow growth is anticipated in the Middle Eastern and African region due to low intake of infant formula and dietary supplements. Awareness for arachidonic acid is also low in these areas amongst food processing companies. With expansions taking place in countries like India, there is a booming demand for arachidonic acid in the Asia Pacific and a very high growth is projected in this region.
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Arachidonic Acid Market: Key Participants
Some of the market participants in the arachidonic acid market are:
- Cargill, Incorporated
- Cayman Chemical
- The Merck Group
- Suntory Beverage & Food Limited
- BASF SE
- Mead Johnson
- Nestlé S.A.
- Abbott Nutrition